Books and articles


Ayyub M., Khodr G. (2018). Conversations orientales sur l'islam et le Christianisme, Marseilles, Chemins de Dialogue

Castellino J., ‎Kathleen A., Cavanaugh K. A. (2013). Minority Rights in the Middle East, Oxford, Oxford Univ. Press, 

Cavanaugh K. A. (2016). The Politics of Identity: Minority Discourse in the MENA Region, IEMED Mediterranean Yearbook, 334-338, available at

Chryssides G. D. (2019). Minority Religions in Europe and the Middle East: Mapping and Monitoring, Abingdon, Routledge

Eibner J. (ed.) (2018). The Future of Religious Minorities in the Middle East, London, Lexington Books

Ferrari D. (2021). Legal Code of Religious Minority Rights. Sources in International and European Law, Abingdon, Routledge 

Ferrari S., Medda-Windischer R., Wonisch K. (eds.) (2021). Religious Minorities in Europe and Beyond: A Critical Appraisal in a Global Perspective, Religions. Special Issue, available at

Ferrari S. (2020). Religious Minorities and Legal Pluralism in Europe, in Kerstin von der Decken and Angelika Günzel (eds.), Staat - Religion - Recht: Festschrift für Gerhard Robbers zum 70. Geburtstag, Baden-Baden, Nomos, 353-368

Henrard K. (2016). The European Court of Human Rights, Ethnic and Religious Minorities and the Two Dimensions of the Right to Equal Treatment: Jurisprudence at Different Speeds?, Nordic Journal of Human Rights, 157-177

Ibrahim I. (2021). Contempt of Religion in North Africa: Repression of Minorities and Monopoly on Interpretation of Religion, The Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy, available at 

Longva A. N., Roald A. S. (eds.) (2012). Religious Minorities in the Middle East. Domination, Self-Empowerment, Accommodation, Leiden-Boston, Brill, available at:

Mahmood S. (2015). Religious Difference in a Secular Age: A Minority Report, Princeton, Princeton Univ. Press

Oruc F. (ed.) (2019). Sites of Pluralism: Community Politics in the Middle East, London, Oxford University Press

Rovati G. (2020). Religious Affiliations and Social Coexistence in the Islamic Middle East Countries, in Zanfrini L. (ed.). Migrants and Religion: Path, Issues, and Lenses. A Multi-disciplinary and Multi-sited Study on the Role of Religious Belogings in Migratory and integration Processes, Leiden-Boston, Brill, 205-230

Scott Parker K., Nasrallah T.E. (eds.) (2017). Middle Eastern Minorities and the Arab Spring. Identity and Community in the Twenty-First Century, Piscataway, Giorgias Press

Tessler M. (2020). Religious Minorities in Non-Secular Middle Eastern and North African States,  London, Palgrave Macmillan

Triandafyllidou A., Magazzini T. (eds.) (2020). Routledge Handbook on the Governance of Religious Diversity, Abingdon, Routledge

Ventura M. (ed.) (2021). The legal status of old and new religious minorities in the European Union, Granada, Comares

Weitz L. (2015). Religious minorities in the modern Middle East, Foreign Policy Research Institute, available at: